Radiation Apparatus Standards

Radiation Apparatus Standards

These standards cover:

Standards for most x-ray equipment, class 3B and class 4 lasers are based on Australian and New Zealand Standards for that type of equipment and these Standards are essentially IEC Standards. Some equipment standards are also taken from ARPANSA’s “Radiation Protection Series” (RPS), or have been developed by the Radiation Protection Unit with input from manufacturers or suppliers of particular equipment.

All Standards gazetted under the Radiation Protection Act 2005 reference the source documents that were used to develop them. In the case of the ARPANSA, RPS documents the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services has received permission from the copyright owner to reproduce text from the RPS documents.

 

X-rays

TITLE

RADIATION APPARATUS COVERED BY THE STANDARD

 

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray dental diagnostic (intraoral)

 

X-ray equipment sometimes referred to as “bite-wing” or “intra-oral”. These x-ray units use an extra oral radiation source and an intra oral image receptor (film or digital). They are used for imaging single or a small number of teeth in dentistry.

RPA0301

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray dental diagnostic (orthopantomograph)

 

X-ray equipment often referred to as OPG. These x-ray units use an extra oral radiation source and an extra oral image receptor (film or digital), and are commonly used for performing full mouth surveys in dentistry.

RPA0302

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (bone mineral densitometer)

 

X-ray equipment employing a pencil or fan beam used to measure bone density. RPA0303

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (computed tomography)

 

X-ray equipment commonly referred to as CT or CAT scanners. These x-ray units are used to produce 3-D images.

RPA0304

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (fixed radiography)

 

X-ray equipment is most commonly used for general radiography in fixed installations. They can be used with film or digital image receptors. RPA0305

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (fixed radioscopy)

 

X-ray equipment typically known as “II” or “fluoro” (fluoroscopy). This x-ray equipment produces real-time (and recorded) motion x-ray images.

RPA0306

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (mammography)

 

This x-ray equipment operates at relatively low kVp (25 – 30 kVp) and is specifically used for mammography.

RPA0307

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (mobile capacitor discharge)

 

This is usually a mobile x-ray unit often called a “CD” unit. The power supply for the x-ray tube is essentially a large capacitor, which stores electrical energy. RPA0308

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (mobile radiography)

 

Mobile x-ray equipment used in wards or small hospitals. Modern units may be battery operated or plug into standard electrical outlets. This equipment is not powered by ”capacitor discharge” RPA0309

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (mobile radioscopy)

 

These are mobile “II” or “fluoro” (fluoroscopy) units. Commonly used in operating theatres or day surgeries. RPA0310

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray diagnostic (veterinary)

 

These x-ray units are used by veterinary surgeons. Mostly they are portable (mains operated) units.

RPA0311

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray industry (baggage)

 

X-ray units used for baggage screening. RPA0312

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray industry (industrial radiography)

 

These are X-ray units with high output that can operate for tens of minutes continuously. They are used in “Non Destructive Testing” (NDT) for examining, pipes, welds and the like. RPA0313

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray industry or research (enclosed special)

These are x-ray equipment in a shielded enclosure into which articles, products or other materials may be placed, or through which they may pass for examination, testing or sorting, and in which the dose rate in the X-ray beam may be sufficiently high to produce serious injury to part of a person’s body after a short exposure.

The high dose rate may be the result of any of the following:

(a) use of an x-ray tube intended for x-ray analysis or radiotherapy;

(b) low filtration tube windows;

(c) short distance between tube focus and area of concern; or

(d) operating conditions of the tube (kVp and mA).

 

RPA0314

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray industry or research (x-ray analysis)

 

This equipment makes use of the phenomena of X-ray diffraction, absorption and fluorescence. This equipment is generally referred to as XRA and found in industry and research RPA0315

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus – x-ray gauge

 

This type of “gauge” is essentially an “in stream” x-ray analysis gauge used in mining . The Otukompu “Courier” system is one example of this type of equipment.

RPA0320

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray medical diagnostic (Biopsy)

 

This type of x-ray unit is used for in vitro radiography of biological specimens in medicine

RPA0321

Standard of Compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - x-ray Mobile Security

This type of x-ray unit is a portable battery powered unit used for on-site investigation of suspicious items RPA0322

 

 

Lasers

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus - laser industry (class 3 b or class 4 laser)

 

Lasers used for alignment such as pipe laying or cutting or metal or plastics. RPA0316

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus low intensity laser (class 3 b laser)

Low intensity laser therapy sometimes used in physiotherapy, podiatry and wound healing.

RPA0318

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus laser entertainment (class 3 b or class 4 laser)

Lasers used for projecting displays. For example outdoor presentations/advertising or indoor at music venues.

RPA0319

Certificate of compliance:

standard for radiation apparatus laser health care and cosmetic (class 3 b or class 4 laser)

Lasers used in health care. General surgical lasers, ophthalmology and cosmetic RPA0323